How to Perform CPR

this post answers the following questions
1. Why is calling for help can save life?
2. How to check for breathing if your doing CPR?
3. How many seconds the breath should last to be effective in giving CPR?
4. When should we start giving CPR?
5. What should be the rate of chest compressions?

You should have seen it countless times in movies and on television, but is CPR, or cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, just mere pumping of the chest of a person who’s had cardiac arrest?  Though it makes for a good hospital drama scene, in the actual world, knowing how to do CPR right can save lives.  Here are the steps on how to do it.

Step 1:  Call for help.

If you see a person collapse, your first duty is to call for help.  Whether just by simple shouting for help or calling 911, you should get assistance as quickly as possible.

Step 2:  Check for breathing.

Though a person has collapsed, he or she may just have lost consciousness. Don’t do the CPR too soon.  Instead, take the time to check for objects that may be blocking the airway passage.  Tilt the patient’s head, and look inside the mouth and throat for any obstacles.

Step 3:  Give two breaths of life.

You must breathe hard into the mouth until the patient’s chest rises.  Each breath should last for about a second to be effective.

Step 4:  Check for pulse.

If there’s a pulse, give resuscitative breaths one in every 5 to 6 seconds.  If there’s no pulse, start CPR.  Use both arms, with one hand clasped over the other.  Place your arms over the center of the chest and push down without bending the elbows.  Do a full release, and let the chest expand to its fullest before pumping again.  Give out 30 rapid chest compressions or pumps and then two resuscitative breaths.  Repeat the cycle.  The rate should be 100 chest compressions or pumps per minute.  Try to match this pace as much as possible since the chances of the patient surviving depend on how well you can maintain or achieve that pace.

Step 5:  Continue the process until the patient gets a pulse, breathes again, or when you’re tired or when the emergency medical response team arrives.

Even though you’re not a health officer, there are advantages to knowing CPR.  This is because you don’t know when an emergency will let you save a life.  It’s not about being a hero, but it’s about being able to help out whenever you can.  Who knows?  The life that you might save can be that of your friends and family.

Photo Credit : KiltBear

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  1. Mary Rose Navoa says:

    I am a student nurse and I am a trained CPR provider.

    Giving CPR is not as easy as it may seems.. you need to know what you should do when an emergency comes. Sometimes if someone gave CPR and he don’t really know the things to be consider.. it always ended up promoting further injury or danger to the victim. instead of prolonging life..
    I agree what the author says here, “the first thing you have to do is to ask for help”. you should activate medical assistance before giving rescue breathing..

    it’s important to check if the scene is safe before entering and give help.. remember that you should protect yourself..or else you will be another victim who will ask for help.

    and last…i think i should add…what my professor told me.

    He said..DON’T leave the victim… unless you will ask for help!

  2. Before even thinking about performing CPR, you must first have gone undergone sufficient training courses as doing it in a wrong way or manner would do nothing but make the status of a patient even worse. And if you do now how to perform CPR, you must recite the steps while doing it. Why so? Because this helps the upcoming paramedics know how far you are in doing CPR and so that they can properly assess the situation and do actions that appropriate for the situation.

  3. What if the victim is you? You are getting all the signs and symptoms of cardiac arrest and worse, you are alone. I am a licensed CPR specialist and if this happens to you, you just have to cough profusely to substitute the ventilation process in aided CPR. Monitor your respiration and your radial pulse for one full minute. If there is no change after 10 minutes, call for help. But research in the States suggests that this is proven helpful in treating these type of patients when they finally arrive in the emergency room.

  4. berna clemente says:

    PerformingCPR is really tough as a health care provider. You must take into consideration, the risk or aggravating factor that you might cause to the patient unconsciously. Before doing the CPR, or the cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, you must survey the scene for your personal protection. Of course, we cannot help someone if our own safety is at risk. After surveying the scene, you must ask any bystanders about the cause of the incident. In that case, you’ll have a brief knowledge about what happen. Then, you may now ask for medical assistance, request someone to activate medical assistance while you perform the CPR. After that, you may now start the CPR that will run for 2 minutes. CPR provides a temporary solution for an individual who suffers cardiac arrest.

  5. zandro30 says:

    hi, with all due respect, as a medical practitioner, I think that the correct sequence of the steps in CPR are:
    Step 1: Call For Help
    Step 2: Check the Pulse or Heartbeat
    Step 3: secure the AIRWAY
    Step 4: give to breath blows
    Step 5: check for pulse
    Step 6: if no pulse, do cardiac pumping
    and so on and so forth….

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