Porcelain Tile Making 101

Porcelain tiles are a common occurrence these days, but no-one knows much of the manufacturing process. The following article aims to explain how these beautiful ceramics are produced

The first step in the manufacturing of porcelain tiles is mostly concerned with the sourcing of the materials needed for the tiles. This step involves the excavating of the raw materials needed in making these tiles. The most commonly used raw materials used for porcelain is clay. The second step is the blending of all raw materials to form a porcelain base. This base is then dried and powdered to form the final product for porcelain production.

Once this fine powder material has been created, water is once again reintroduced into the mixture to form a mud-like form. The resulting mud-mix is once again transferred into the large oven/dryer, with the end result being a fine clay powder.

Photo Credits:http://www.flickr.com/photos/roland/2727106502/

As soon as you have the final clay-porcelain mix, the creative pottery process begins. One can now form the clay into different sizes, often into squares, since tiles function better in squares.

An alternative method of manufacturing tiles is by the extrusion method. The tiles that are produced by means of this method are produces by pushing clay into moulds so as to shape them into desired shapes. This is a more realistic option for most tile manufacturers; and therefore the preferred way of making tiles is still by means of the pressing process. Once the extrusion or the pressing is complete, the tiles are dried before firing/baking.

Then comes the glazing, but only if the manufacturer desires a glazed look to their tiles. The first step of glazing is to actually prepare the glaze liquid, which uses a glass derivative known, as the frit. Once this glass mixture is ready, dye is added and it is poured over the surface of the tiles. The glaze can be applied with high using a spray gun or can be poured directly onto the exterior of the tiles.

The final step in producing these tiles is the baking/firing of the tiles – at a heat in excess of 1000 degrees Celsius. Tiles can be fired once or twice depending on the desired style. The difference between ordinary tiles and the porcelain tiles is the fact that porcelain includes 50% feldspar and that they are fired at a higher temperature.

Porcelain title is an easy and affordable way to beautify your home – I don’t know why you’ll consider anything else.

Citations:

This article was provided by ScribeZA for top handmade candle and ceramic manufacturers who produces ceramics South Africa.

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