How a Home Security System Works

It is often said that a man’s house is his castle. It should be added that no one likes having their castle broken into by the “undesirables” of the kingdom. We live in the most technologically advanced society the world has ever known. Our houses are filled with the latest gadgets, gizmos, and grandma’s world-class apple pie. More important than the things we own, the people that we most care about in the world usually live under the same roof. How do we protect the people and things we love? The answer is with a home security system.

In law enforcement, the process of designing one’s home to be less-intruder friendly is called target hardening. The idea behind target hardening is that burglars and other intruders are more likely to break into houses that are less protected. Now there are all sorts of ways to target harden one’s home, including reducing potential cover areas for intruders to hide and making sure to lock windows and doors. However, the most obvious way to target harden one’s home is to install a security system that drastically increases the chance the intruder will be caught upon attempted entry.

The first step in this process is choosing a home security system. There are many options for the buyer to consider. There are wired security systems, as well as wireless. Some security systems will just set off an alarm, while others will make phone calls to emergency contacts. Security systems that are connected with paid home security agencies may have advanced procedures that are taken when the system is tripped. Although there are many options, the buyer should consider how much protection that they feel they need, as well as for what their budget allows.

Wired and Wireless Security Systems

Wired security systems operate through a series of wires that connect various sensors, motion detectors, and sometimes vibration devices, placed strategically throughout the home. These wires connect an electric circuit that is ever-present when the system is armed. In a closed-circuit system, the electric circuit is complete when all sensors are closed and connected.

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If a sensor is tripped from the opening of a window or door, the electric circuit is broken and the alarm will sound. In an open-circuit system, the electric circuit does not exist until a sensor is tripped by the opening of a window or door, thereby completing the circuit. The system then senses that the circuit is completed and will set in motion whatever emergency protocols are in place. Wireless security systems operate on the same principles as wired security systems, with the major difference being that radio waves are transmitted when a sensor is set off, instead of an electric signal.

The Security Control Panel

The master component of the security system is the control panel. All sensors and other devices relay information back to this central unit. If a sensor is disturbed, the information is transmitted back to the control panel, via an electric signal or radio waves, which the control panel then acts on by beginning emergency protocols. Those protocols may be only setting off an alarm and the certain lights in the house.

Advanced systems employ control panels that are connected to the telephone line. The control panel will either dial one or several emergency contacts to alert, concerning the disturbance. If the homeowner is a subscriber to a home security service agency, the control panel may be set up to call the agency, which will then respond appropriately. Usually, the agency will first try to call the home phone and request a password or pre-determined answer from whoever is in the home. If the password is wrong or no one answers, the security agency will contact the appropriate law authorities, as well as the home owner.

Some security systems are even more advanced in their methods, using motion sensors employing infrared beams to determine distance within rooms. These are set off when the infrared beam bounces off an object or person at a distance closer than normal circumstance. Another benefit of subscribing to a security service agency is that you have the option to be alerted when certain people of interest arrive at the home, such as one’s children.

With all of the security system options available, it can be hard to pick the right one for one’s home. No matter what system one chooses though, the important thing to remember is that having such a system in place makes one’s home a harder target to break into. A parent or simply a proud homeowner can rest assured that they have extra protection for the people and things they care most about, while both at home and away. The king or queen of the castle can find peace, in knowing that their home is a safe place to be.

ASG is a Colorado Security Systems company that specializes in Residental Security. If you switch to ASG, your first three months are free. Check out their website to set up a security audit.

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