What are the unique features of dental implant?
Dental implants have given a new ray of hope to many patients who were unable to enjoy the benefits of a good lifestyle including activities of daily living like eating, or have compromised with their looks due to dentures or bridges.
Dental implants come with certain peculiar features which make them patient friendly and a treatment of choice for most dentists across the world. These are:
a. Exceptional initial stability with optimal restoration
Dental implants are made to slice through the bone in a way that the bone gets condensed. With this, there is maximal stability initially and perfect restorative orientation.
b. Implant designed to reinforce natural osseointegration
Due to the special biomaterial use, titanium metal and groovy surfaces along the implant thread, there is more fusion of the bone.
c. Preservation of hard and soft tissues
The tapered implant neck and apical blades are meant to restore the healthy bone as much as possible.
d. Ideal for esthetic zones of mouth
Improvised dental implants have twin cutting blade design which allows redirection during implant placement. This ensures lesser trauma to thin bone ridges and is hence perfect for esthetic zones.
What are the types of dental implants?
a. Subperiosteal dental implant
These are used for the lower jaw without any teeth. Without any special coating, it is customized to fit into your jaw and sits on the top of bone but under the gums.
b. Transosseous dental implants
They consist of a flat bone plate which fits to the lower border of mandible. A number of posts are projected from the bone plate; few insert into bone for retention while the other pass through the bone and penetrate the oral mucosa.
c. Endosseous dental implants
Most commonly used, these implants support most osseointegration. They are made of titanium or titanium alloy and are placed in patient’s maxilla or mandible to provide retention for the entire dental structure. An abutment supports the implant and later it is covered by a porcelain crown which resembles to natural tooth and is fixed by screws.
d. Mini dental implants
These are low cost conventional implants which support dental implant supported denture.
e. Immediate load dental implants
They cut down the healing time tremendously. The entire procedure is done in one session itself right form tooth extraction to placement of a temporary crown. This needs a prior impression of your jaw bone and a healthy jaw bone to stabilize the implant.
Treatment results There is a much quicker healing time after high precision surgery and there is no pain or swelling.
Advantages and disadvantages of dental implants The primary advantage of dental implants is that they are relatively more stable than bridges or dentures. They do look better and are extremely functional.
Some drawbacks of dental implants are that they are costly, may cause subtle discomfort and may take more time to heal if you are a smoker.
Michelle Tyler is a freelance healthcare writer with more than 10 years experience in the healthcare communications field. A Certified Medical Assistant, she works with the Local Media group to research and report on the latest medical breakthroughs.