Orthopedic surgery is a medical specialty that is carried out to relieve patients who are suffering from painful conditions and illnesses including torn ligaments, fractures and dislocations, tendon injuries, sprains and strains, bursitis and pulled muscles, low back pain, bone tumors, scoliosis, arthritis and osteoporosis, ruptured disks, sciatica, bow legs, bunions, knock knees, muscular dystrophy, hammer toes, cerebral palsy, unequal length of leg, club foot, irregularities on the fingers and toes and abnormal bones. Orthopedic surgeons have the skills, training and expertise needed in using surgical treatment procedures.
Education and Training
Medical doctors with comprehensive training in the proper diagnosis and treatment of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system are called orthopedic surgeons. Such training starts from four years of study in a college or university, four years in medical school, five years in orthopedic residency at a major medical center and an optional one year of specialized education. In total,orthopedic surgeons have completed up to 14 years of formal education and instruction. Board certification is achieved by satisfying evaluation and examination requirements of the American Board of orthopedic surgery. This extensive educational and training preparation clearly indicates the amount of invested time by the doctors to hone their craft.
Out of the numerous conditions orthopedic surgeonstreat, arthritis is one of the most common ones. Arthritis causes stiffness and severe pain to the joints and inflammation, and severe cases can direly affect the patient’s daily routine and activities. Simple activities like painless walking, brushing of the teeth, and painless sitting may be hampered because of the pain. Surgical procedures such as hip replacement, lifestyle changes and the administration of prescribed medication or pain killers are some of the treatment options available for arthritis.
Hand / Trauma
Conditions affecting the hands and wrists such as carpal tunnel syndrome are also included in the specializations of the orthopedic surgeons. Hand surgery procedures require delicate and meticulous handling as even the smallest mistake can have a life-changing impact on the results of such surgery. Injuries arising from vehicular accidents are called trauma injuries. Orthopedic surgeons who specialized in trauma care will be called in to help restore the body’s functions even after an incredibly traumatic condition.
Parents of children who have incurred musculoskeletal injury will need the help of a reliable pediatric orthopedic specialist. In more severe cases, a surgery will have to be performed in order to restore the affected area’s function. Pediatric orthopedic specialists will work closely with the child to check and identify the best treatment plan where the ultimate goal is to help the patient experience pain as less possible that will allow them to return to activities they have been doing for so long.
Tendinitis / Bursitis
Athletic people who engage in swimming, weight lifting, tennis or other rigorous sports can be prone to a condition called tendinitis – the irritation or inflammation of a tendon. Over a prolonged period of doing repetitive activities, the rotator cuff is caused to squeeze underneath the joint. Another painful condition called bursitis occurs when bursae or the small pads filled with fluid are inflamed. Bursitis is likely to occur in the shoulder, hip or elbow as a result of similar repetitive activities performed. Orthopedists will advise the athletes to modify or cease the activity that is causing the condition in order to prevent its worsening. If either bursitis or tendinitis has worsened, orthopedic surgeons may resort to surgery.
There are people suffering from shoulder instability which can be characterized by the dislocation and popping out of the arm bone. This is sometimes caused by the overuse of ligaments and by sudden injury, however, not all shoulder instability results to full dislocation. There are instances when only partial dislocation occurs which is referred to as subluxation. In this case, the ball joint may be replaced into the socket non-surgically. However, if dislocation occurs repeatedly, surgery may have to be done.
This is a common injury that occurs in children. It may result from a fall onto the side of the shoulder. In most cases, though, fracture can be resolved with the use of a sling. Only when the fracture is severe will it require surgery. Common symptoms of a broken collarbone are swelling, pain, a crackling sound that accompanies every movement of the shoulder and an unusual bulge around the shoulder area.
Minor cases of joint pains or other tensions in the arm, shoulder, hips, elbow, hands or other parts of the body, may not necessarily require the attention of orthopedic specialists. It is a safe and smart move; however, to discuss such conditions or pains with an orthopedist to make sure that the condition is determined accurately and the proper treatment required is advised and recommended.
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