10 oldest universities around the world

This post answers the following questions

1) When did Universities first exist?
2) What university is generally considered to be the oldest university in the world?
3) Where was Al-Azhar University founded?
4) What are the oldest universities around the world
5) When did oldest universities began in the world of Islam?

Universities did not first exist as we know them until the ninth century AD. Many universities have had to close over the years for short times for various reasons. They typically reopened, however, and their original founding dates are recognized.

art history courses in London

Photo Credits: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/5562359204/

1.) The University of Al-Karaouine in Fes, Morocco – originally a mosque established in 859 – is generally considered to be the oldest university in the world. The natural sciences university added mathematics, chemistry, physics and foreign languages only in 1957.

2.) Al-Azhar University in Egypt was founded between 970 and 972. This university is a leader in Arabic literature and Sunni Islamic studies. It has a religious curriculum, but it also teaches modern science.

3.) Nizamiyya is a series of universities started in Iran in the eleventh century. The most famous of its universities is Al-Nizamiyya, which was founded in 1065. It still operates today is Isfahan.

4.) The University of Bologna was founded in 1088, and the word “university” was created when it was established. It was an educational leader especially until the time between World War I and World War II. It has since modernized its educational philosophies and methods.

5.) The year of the University of Paris’ founding is not certain. However, teaching from this school began as early as 1096. It is also known as the Sorbonne. In 1970, it was regrouped as 13 separately-functioning universities. It concentrated on arts, medicine, law and theology in its early years.

6.) No one knows the exact year the University of Oxford was founded. However, the official date is 1096, but the tradition of education from Oxford is older. When King Henry II prohibited English students from going to the University of Paris in 1167, the school grew quickly into the 38 colleges it houses today.

7.) The University of Montpelier in France is another university that is much older than its official year of establishment in 1150. The institution’s schools were consolidated into one university by a papal bull in 1289.

8.) The University of Cambridge was formed when scholars upset with the University of Oxford formed their own educational institution in 1209. Cambridge is a leading university in the world today with 31 colleges.

9.) Salamanca, Spain is home to the University of Salamanca, founded in 1218. It was founded by King Alfonso IX to allow the Leonese population to study in their own region rather than have to attend university in Castile. It is a leading university for Spanish students who want to study language and the humanities.

10.) The University of Padua was founded in 1222 when instructors and students left the University of Bologna for more academic freedom. It established its anatomical theater in 1595, which gained it an immense following from artists and scientists studying the human body.

Photo Credits:http://www.flickr.com/photos/neilghamilton/3861954988/

The oldest universities in the world began in the world of Islam around 1000 A.D. Universities then spread west, beginning in Europe in Italy. Spain, England and France were also centers of learning in the Middle Ages. Their educational traditions continue today.

Sarah writes for Richmond University, the American Uni in London. Richmond’s specialist courses range from their international relations degree too their unique art history courses in London. Richmond offer low student numbers and a great student experience.

Speak Your Mind

*

Spam protection by WP Captcha-Free